Economic Daily: Expanding the Scope of the "Science and Technology Reform Action" and "Double Hundred Action" - Deepening the Reform of State owned Enterprises
As the new round of deepening and enhancing the reform of state-owned enterprises is about to be launched, the two major special projects of state-owned enterprise reform - the "Science and Technology Reform Action" and the "Double Hundred Action" - are both expanding. The number of "Science and Technology Reform Enterprises" has expanded to 672, and the number of "Double Hundred Enterprises" has expanded to 580.
People in the industry generally believe that special projects, as an important starting point for the reform of state-owned enterprises, are of reform Weather vane significance. Building a "vanguard" of state-owned enterprise reform with higher standards on a larger scale will further play a leading and exemplary role, and promote the reform of state-owned enterprises to a new level.
Continuous release of reform dividends
Since the implementation of the "Science and Technology Reform Action" in 2020, we have adhered to high-quality reform and high-level innovation, effectively promoting the high-quality development of state-owned scientific and technological enterprises, and emerging a group of reform elites with significantly enhanced market competitiveness and improved independent innovation capabilities.
Southern Power Grid Digital Group Co., Ltd. was restructured and established in 2019, and is the world's first digital power grid research institute. With the integration of innovation and industry chains, enterprise development has entered a fast lane. In the past three years of the 'Science and Technology Reform', we have achieved a transformation income of over 5 billion yuan. Combined with the construction of the industrial chain, we will drive the industrial scale of over 100 billion yuan in the future, effectively supporting the construction of a new energy system, "said Li Peng, General Manager of Nanwang Digital Group.
Data shows that over the past three years, the R&D investment intensity of "science and technology reform enterprises" has exceeded 14%, reaching 17.7% in 2022. 89% of "science and technology reform enterprises" target core backbone talents in key positions, flexibly implementing various medium and long-term incentives, covering 116000 people. In 2022, the operating revenue and net profit of the "Science and Technology Reform Enterprise" increased by 33.6% and 40.9% respectively compared to 2020, and the total labor productivity increased by 30.1% compared to 2020.
The "Double Hundred Action" for state-owned enterprise reform launched in August 2018 selected over a hundred central enterprise subsidiaries and over a hundred local state-owned backbone enterprises, actively exploring innovation and promoting comprehensive reform, and achieved significant results. The "Double Hundred Enterprises" focus on reform goals and tasks, focus on improving the efficiency and efficiency of state-owned asset operation, and significantly enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises.
Data shows that in 2022, the "Double Hundred Enterprises" achieved operating revenue and net profit of 14.3 trillion yuan and 673.27 billion yuan respectively, an increase of 29.7% and 35.6% compared to 2020; The total labor productivity has reached 1.052 million yuan per person. 95% of the "Double Hundred Enterprises" are concentrated in the real economy, while 76.5% are located in pillar industries of the national economy such as manufacturing, scientific research and technological services, construction, and important industries related to the national economy and people's livelihood. They have made contributions to strengthening the real economy and building a modern industrial system.
It is worth mentioning that the "Double Hundred Enterprises" actively cracked the obstacles in the mechanism, and all market-oriented reform indicators were significantly higher than the average level of state-owned enterprises. In the past three years, the proportion of management personnel in "Double Hundred Enterprises" has remained below 5.5%, far below the average level of central enterprises. In 2022, the average proportion of management personnel competing for positions in "Double Hundred Enterprises" reached 69.6%, with some enterprise management personnel achieving 100% competition for positions; The average proportion of final adjustment and incompetence exit of management personnel reaches 7.7%, and employees are market-oriented